Monday, April 30, 2012

Monitoring tool - install icinga and icinga-web

I've been using a monitoring tool, Nagios for several years. Though it is a classic monitoring tool and still in general use, icinga has several advantages compared with nagios, which shows here.

And the architecture of  Icinga is show in picture , here.

As Nagios is convertible with Icinga (it's not sure 100%), I am going to try migrate from Nagios-3.x to Icinga-1.x. The official says, here.

We try to be compatible with the configuration files of the current Nagios 3.x versions so there should be very little you have to do to “upgrade” from Nagios 3.x to Icinga 1.x. Assuming you’ve already installed Nagios from source code as described in the Nagios quickstart guide, you can install Icinga quite easily.

I am going to show how to install Icinga and migrate the current nagios-3.x configuration files in serial form.

  • Overview of System Structure
    • OS
    OS CentOS release 5.8 (Final)
    Kernel 2.6.18-274.el5 x86_64
    Language ja_JP.UTF-8
    • middleware
    role package
    WEB httpd-2.2.10
    DB mysql-5.5.21
    Scripting Language(for nagios-plugins) perl-5.14.2
    Scripting Language(for icinga-web) php-5.3.10
    icinga core icinga-1.6.1
    plugin nagios-plugins-1.4.15
    icinga frontend icinga-web-1.6.2
    icinga report icinga-reports-1.6.0
    reporting engine(for icinga-reports) jasperreports-server-cp-4.2.1
    graph(nagios addon) pnp4nagios-0.6.16
    • Directory structure of the middleware avobe
    |-- httpd -> /usr/local/httpd-2.2.22/
    |-- httpd-2.2.22/
    |-- icinga -> /usr/local/icinga-1.6.1/
    |-- icinga-1.6.1/
    |-- icinga-idoutils/
    |-- icinga-web -> /usr/local/icinga-web-1.6.2/
    |-- icinga-web-1.6.2/
    |-- jasperreports-server-cp-4.2.1/
    |-- mysql -> /usr/local/mysql-5.5.21/
    |-- mysql-5.5.21/
    |-- perl -> /usr/local/perl-5.14.2/
    |-- perl-5.14.2/
    |-- php -> /usr/local/php-5.3.10/
    `-- php-5.3.10/

 I am showing the process of installing icinga and icinga-web.

Icinga-core + NODUtils

  •  add user and group
# groupadd icinga && groupadd icinga-cmd
# useradd -G icinga-cmd,apache icinga 
  • install compiler, net-snmp and other dependet libaries
    $arch defines its architecture, i386 or x86_64. Here is x86_64(64bit OS)
# arch=$(uname -i)
# yum -y install gcc.${arch} glibc.${arch} glibc-common.${arch} gd.${arch} gd-devel
# yum -y install libjpeg.${arch} libjpeg-devel.${arch} libpng.${arch} libpng-devel.${arch} libdbi-devel.${arch}
# yum -y install net-snmp.${arch} net-snmp-devel.${arch} net-snmp-utils
  • install libdbi-drivers libdbi-dbd-mysql
# yum -y install libdbi-drivers.${arch} libdbi-dbd-mysql.${arch}
  • install icinga-core + idoutils
$ cd /usr/local/src/
$ curl "" | tar zx
$ cd icinga-1.6.1
$ ./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/icinga-1.6.1 \
--enable-nanosleep \
--enable-event-broker \
--enable-idoutils \
--enable-embedded-perl \
--enable-ssl \
--with-icinga-user=icinga \
--with-icinga-group=icinga \
--with-command-user=icinga \
--with-command-group=icinga-cmd \
--with-web-user=apache \
--with-web-group=apache \
--with-cgiurl=/icinga/cgi-bin \
--with-htmurl=/icinga \
--with-httpd-conf=/usr/local/httpd/conf/extra \
--with-checkresult-dir=/var/spool/checkresults \
--with-log-dir=/var/log/icinga \
--with-cgi-log-dir=/var/log/icinga \
--with-init-dir=/etc/init.d/ \
--with-lockfile=/var/run/icinga \
$ make all
# make install-init
# make install-config
# make install-webconf
# make install-idoutils
# make install-commandmode
# make install
  • make a link with the prefix directory
# ln -s /usr/local/icinga /usr/local/icinga

  • setup configration, and enable the idomod event broker module
    The official shows the command below, which moves the sample configuration file, but ido2db.cfg and idmod.cfg are created.
# cd /usr/local/icinga/etc
# mv ido2db.cfg-sample ido2db.cfg
# mv idomod.cfg-sample idomod.cfg
# mv modules/idoutils.cfg-sample modules/idoutils.cfg
  • create mysql database
# mysqladmin -uroot create icinga
# mysql -uroot mysql -e "
GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO 'icinga'@'localhost'
   IDENTIFIED BY 'icinga'
GRANT ALL ON icinga.* TO 'icinga'@'localhost';
  • import database scheme
# mysql -uicinga -picinga icinga < /usr/local/src/icinga-1.6.1/module/idoutils/db/mysql/mysql.sql
  • install nagios-plugins
$ curl "" | tar xz
$ cd nagios-plugins-1.4.15
./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/icinga \
--with-nagios-user=icinga \
--with-nagios-group=icinga \
--with-openssl \
$ make
# make install


  • install icinga-web
$ cd /usr/local/src/
$ curl "" | tar zx
$ cd icinga-web-1.6.2
$ ./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/icinga-web-1.6.2 \
--with-web-user=apache \
--with-web-group=apache \
--with-web-path=/icinga-web \
--with-web-apache-path=/usr/local/httpd/conf/extra \
--with-db-type=mysql \
--with-db-host=localhost \
--with-db-port=3306 \
--with-db-name=icinga_web \
--with-db-user=icinga_web \
--with-db-pass=icinga_web \
--with-db-socket=/tmp/mysql.sock \
--with-api-host=localhost \
--with-api-port=3306 \
--with-api-db-user=icinga \
--with-api-db-pass=icinga \
--with-api-db-name=icinga \
--with-api-db-prefix=icinga_ \
--with-api-cmd-file=/usr/local/icinga/var/rw/icinga.cmd \
--with-log-dir=/var/log/icinga \
$ make
# make install
# make install-apache-config
# make install-javascript
  • test php modules' dependency
# make testdeps
/usr/local/bin/php bin/testdeps.php
Icinga-web dependencies (running 23 test)

PHP (core) tests
        1/23 Test php version >= 5.2.3 (REQUIRED) ... (version 5.3.10 >= 5.2.3) OK
        2/23 Test for PEAR (REQUIRED) ... OK

PHP extensions
        3/23 Test php5-xsl (REQUIRED) ... (xsl found v0.1) OK
        4/23 Test php5-ldap ... (ldap found) OK
        5/23 Test php5-pdo (REQUIRED) ... (PDO found v1.0.4dev) OK
        6/23 Test php5-dom (REQUIRED) ... (dom found v20031129) OK
        7/23 Test php5-session (REQUIRED) ... (session found) OK
        8/23 Test php5-spl (REQUIRED) ... (SPL found v0.2) OK
        9/23 Test php5-pcre (REQUIRED) ... (pcre found) OK
        10/23 Test php5-tokenizer (REQUIRED) ... (tokenizer found v0.1) OK
        11/23 Test php5-libxml (REQUIRED) ... (libxml found) OK
        12/23 Test php5-reflection (REQUIRED) ... (Reflection found v$Revision: 321634 $) OK
        13/23 Test php5-gettext (REQUIRED) ... (gettext found) OK

Optional pdo drivers
        14/23 Test php5-pdo-mysql ... (pdo_mysql found v1.0.2) OK
        15/23 Test php5-pdo-pgsql ... (Extension pdo_pgsql does not exist) FAIL

Optional php extension
        16/23 Test php5-soap ... (soap found) OK
        17/23 Test php5-xmlrpc ... (xmlrpc found v0.51) OK
        18/23 Test php5-iconv ... (iconv found) OK
        19/23 Test php5-gd ... (gd found) OK
        20/23 Test php5-ctype ... (ctype found) OK
        21/23 Test php5-json ... (json found v1.2.1) OK
        22/23 Test php5-hash ... (hash found v1.0) OK
        23/23 Test php.ini memory_limit ... (memory_limit='134217728') OK

All over result: PASS (required 12/12, optional 10/11, all 22/23, time 0.02s)

Exit (status=0)
  • create mysql database and user for icinga-web
# mysqladmin -uroot create icinga_web
# mysql -uroot mysql -e "
GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO 'icinga_web'@'localhost'
   IDENTIFIED BY 'icinga_web'
GRANT ALL ON icinga_web.* TO 'icinga_web'@'localhost';
  • initialize database
# make db-initialize
cd ./etc/ && ../bin/phing -f build.xml db-initialize
Buildfile: /usr/local/src/icinga-web-1.6.2/etc/build.xml
 [property] Loading /usr/local/src/icinga-web-1.6.2/etc/

icinga-web > db-initialize:

[phingcall] Calling Buildfile '/usr/local/src/icinga-web-1.6.2/etc/build.xml' with target 'db-create'
 [property] Loading /usr/local/src/icinga-web-1.6.2/etc/

icinga-web > prepare:

icinga-web > db-prepare:

Use the db-user specified in icinga-webs database.xml (Needs create Database/create Table rights)?(n,y)? y

icinga-web > db-create:


Total time: 3.4069 seconds
  • Test the syntax of icinga.cfg
    Though it is necessary to run Icinga daemon with the correct syntax of icinga.cfg and other related configuration files, such as nagios.cfg, commands.cfg, services.cfg, and so on, I am going to try show them later.
 # icinga -v /usr/local/icinga/etc/icinga.cfg 

Icinga 1.6.1
Copyright (c) 2009-2011 Icinga Development Team (
Copyright (c) 2009-2011 Nagios Core Development Team and Community Contributors
Copyright (c) 1999-2009 Ethan Galstad
Last Modified: 12-02-2011
License: GPL

Reading configuration data...
   Read main config file okay...
Processing object config directory '/usr/local/icinga/etc/modules'...
Processing object config file '/usr/local/icinga/etc/modules/idoutils.cfg'...
Processing object config directory '/usr/local/icinga/etc/objects'...
Processing object config file '/usr/local/icinga/etc/objects/commands.cfg'...
Processing object config file '/usr/local/icinga/etc/objects/contacts.cfg'...
Processing object config file '/usr/local/icinga/etc/objects/timeperiods.cfg'...
Processing object config file '/usr/local/icinga/etc/objects/nagios_perfparse.cfg'...
Processing object config file '/usr/local/icinga/etc/objects/templates.cfg'...
Processing object config directory '/usr/local/icinga/etc/templates'...
Processing object config file '/usr/local/icinga/etc/templates/hosts.cfg'...
Processing object config file '/usr/local/icinga/etc/templates/services_mon.cfg'...
   Read object config files okay...

Running pre-flight check on configuration data...

Checking services...
        Checked 32 services.
Checking hosts...
        Checked 1 hosts.
Checking host groups...
        Checked 1 host groups.
Checking service groups...
        Checked 0 service groups.
Checking contacts...
        Checked 1 contacts.
Checking contact groups...
        Checked 1 contact groups.
Checking service escalations...
        Checked 0 service escalations.
Checking service dependencies...
        Checked 0 service dependencies.
Checking host escalations...
        Checked 0 host escalations.
Checking host dependencies...
        Checked 0 host dependencies.
Checking commands...
        Checked 47 commands.
Checking time periods...
        Checked 3 time periods.
Checking modules...
        Checked 1 modules.
Checking for circular paths between hosts...
Checking for circular host and service dependencies...
Checking global event handlers...
Checking obsessive compulsive processor commands...
Checking misc settings...

Total Warnings: 0
Total Errors:   0

Things look okay - No serious problems were detected during the pre-flight check
  • start icinga daemon
# /etc/init.d/icinga start
Running configuration check...OK
Starting icinga: Starting icinga done.
  • restart apache daemon
# /etc/init.d/httpd restart
  • Top page after logging in

  • A table of items’ status
Next will be how to install icinga-reports, pnp4nagios or about the details of configuration and init script.


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